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  For additional clarity and emphasis, major results should be presented in a visual format--tables, charts, graphs, diagrams--as well as in a verbal one. (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

    为了增添清晰和强调,主要的结果应该用一种视觉样式来显示--目录、图表、座标图、图解--还有口头的表达。

  Beyond checking the report for clarity and accuracy in the presentation of technical data, the author of a research report should review for basic grammatical and mechanical accuracy. Short sentences are preferable to long in the presentation of complex information. Listings should be used to break up long passages of prose and to emphasize information. The research writer should try to use the simplest possible language without sacrificing the professional quality of the report. Although specialized terms can be used, pretentious jargon should be avoided. A finished research report should be a readable and useful document prepared with the reader in mind.

    为了清楚和准确除检查报告中陈述的技术资料外,一份研究报告的作者应该为了基本语法和习惯性准确再检查一遍。在复杂信息的表述中短句子比起长句子更可取。列出次序的方式应该得以使用,来打散文章中的长段并强调信息。研究报告的作者应该试图使用尽可能简单的语言同时又不牺牲报告的专业性质。虽然专业术语可以被使用,自抬身价的行话应该被避免。一份完工的研究报告应该是一份为心目中的读者准备的有可读性并且有用的文件。

  CONCLUSION

  Although we struggle with research reports in high school, dread them in college, and are often burdened by them in our professional lives,learning to live comfortably with them is a relatively easy task. A positive attitude (i.e., one that sees the oral or written presentation of research results as of equal importance to the data-gathering process); an orderly approach which includes prewriting (i.e., before any actual research is done, the researcher should try to get down on paper as much about the subject under investigation as possible) and a formal research report structure as the framework for the investigation; and a reasonable approach to the actual writing process including editing for accuracy and clarity, will help one to produce effective research reports efficiently.

  结论

    虽然我们在高等学校里为研究报告而苦恼,在大学里害怕它们,并且在我们的专业生涯里经常背着这个负担,但学会与它们一起舒服地生活是一件相对容易的事情。一个确定的判断(例如,对于收集资料的过程同样重要的研究结果的书面或口头的表达),一种包括打草稿在内的有次序的方式(例如,在任何实际研究进行之前,研究者应该试图在纸上写下关于这个项目在调查下尽可能多的信息)和一个正式的研究报告结构作为为了这项调查的框架,以及为了准确和清晰对于包括编辑在内的实际写作过程一个合理的方式,将帮助作者有效地产生出有影响的研究报告。 

 
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