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  Results Section. The third, and perhaps most important, section of the research report is the presentation of the results obtained from the investigation. The basic rule in this section is to give all data relevant to the research question initially asked. Although, of course, one's natural tendency might be to suppress any findings which do not in some way support one's hypothesis, such dishonesty is antithetical to good research reporting in any field. If the experiments undertaken fail to prove anything, if the data was inadequate or contrary to expectations, the report should be honestly written and as complete as possible, just as it would be if the hypothesis were totally proven by the research. (来源:EnglishCN.com)

    结果段。第三段,可能是最重要的。研究报告的这一段是对于从调查中获得的结果的表述。在这一段的基本规则是给出与起初问到的研究问题相关的所有资料。当然,研究报告的自然倾向应该是隐藏任何从某些方式上不支持其假设的发现,但如此不诚实的是与任何领域优秀的研究报告相对立的。如果实验开始失败于证明任何事情,如果资料是不充分的或者与期待相反,这个报告应该诚实地写进来,而且像可能的那样完整,要像这个假设被研究完全证实了一样,如实地写进来。

  Discussion Section. The final required section of a research report is a discussion of the results obtained and a statement of any conclusions which may be drawn from those results. Of primary interest in business and technical research reports is the validity of the results as the bases for company decisions: Will our planned construction project meet federal environmental guidelines and be approved for building? Will this new program attact skilled personnel to our company? Will this new oil recovery technique be financially feasible? Thus, the discussion section of the research report must evaluate the research results fully: were they validly obtained, are they complete or limited, are they applicable over a wide range of circumstances? The discussion section should also point out what questions remain unanswered and perhaps suggest directions for further research.

    讨论段。一个研究报告的这个最终需要的段落是所获得的结果的讨论或者是一个可能取自那些结果的任何结论的陈述。在商业和技术研究报告中,这个段的基本兴趣是结果作为公司决策基础的有效性:我们计划的建筑项目将符合联邦政府的环境指导方针并被批准施工吗?这个新项目将能吸引有技术的全体人员到我们公司来?这项新的石油恢复技术在经费上将是可行的?所以,这个研究报告的讨论段必须充分评估这个研究结果:它们是被靠得住地获得?它们是完整的或是有限的?它们适用于一个宽泛区域的情形?这个讨论段也应该指出什么问题留着没有回答以及为进一步研究可能提及的方向。

  STYLE OF RESEARCH REPORTS

  Research reports are considered formal professional communication. As such, there is little emphasis on a lively style, although, of course, there is no objection to writing that is pleasing and interesting. The primary goals of professional communication are accuracy, clarity, and completeness. The rough draft of any research report should be edited to ensure that all data is correctly presented, that all equipment is listed, that all results are properly detailed. As an aid to the reader, headings indicating at least the major sections of the report should be used, and all data should be presented under the proper headings. In addition to their function of suggesting to the reader the contents of each section, headings enhance the formal appearance and professional quality of the report, increase to some degree the writer's credibility by reflecting a logical and methodical approach to the reporting process, and eliminate the need for wordy transitional devices between sections.

  研究报告的风格

    研究报告被当作是正式的专业表达。所以,在一种活泼的风格上很少有强调,当然,虽然对于写作是愉悦的和有趣的没有异议。专业表达的主要目标是准确、清楚和完整。任何研究报告的大致初稿应该被编辑以确信所有的资料被正确提及,所有的设备被列进单子,所有的结果是适当详细的。做为对读者的一个目的,标题至少提出被使用的研究报告的主要段落,而且所有的资料应该在适当的标题下被提及。在补充提及给读者各个段落内容的作用上,标题加强了这个报告的正规形式和专业性质,而且通过对报告过程的逻辑的和系统的表达,强化了作者可信性程度,同时排除了对于段落之间冗长过渡词句的需要。

  Research data should be presented in a way that places proper emphasis on major aspects of the project. For different readers different aspects will take on different degrees of importance, and some concerned with the results of a research project, and thus the results section should be emphasized, probably by presenting it immediately after the problem section and before the procedures section. Other researchers would be most interested in the procedures section, and this should be highlighted in writing up research projects for publication in professional journals or for presentation at professional conferences. For non-technical readers and federal agencies, the implications of the results might be the most important consideration, and emphasis should be placed on the discussion of the report for this readership.

    研究资料应该以一种适当强调这个项目的主要方面的方式来展示。对于不同的读者不同的方面将具有不同的重要程度,一些读者关注一个研究报告的结果,所以结果段应该被强调,通过在问题段之后和程序段之前适当地立即提及。其他的研究者对程序段会更有兴趣,所以在为专业性期刊上出版或者在专业性会议上发表写下的研究项目中,这段应该突出。对于没有技术的读者和联邦代理,结果的复杂性应该是最重要的考虑,并且出于读者人数考虑,强调应该被放在报告的讨论上。

 
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