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Project Team Members: The people who report either directly or indirectly to the project manager. (来源:EnglishCN.com)

Project Time Management: A subset of project management that includes the processes required to ensure timely completion of the project It consists of activity definition, activity duration estimating, schedule development, and schedule control.

Projectized Organization: Any organizational structure in which the project manager has full authority to assign priorities and to direct the work of individuals assigned to the project.


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Q

Qualitative Risk Analysis: Performing a qualitative analysis of risks and conditions to prioritize their effects on project objectives. It involves assessing the probability and impact of project risk(s) and using methods such as the probability and impact matrix to classify risks into categories of high, moderate, and low for prioritized risk response planning.

Quantitative Risk Analysis: Measuring the probability and consequences of risks and estimating their implications for project objectives. Risks are characterized by probability distributions of possible outcomes. This process uses quantitative techniques such as simulation and decision tree analysis.

Quality Assurance (QA): 1) The process of evaluating overall project performance on a regular basis to provide confidence that the project will satisfy the relevant quality standards. 2) The organizational unit that is assigned responsibility for quality assurance.

Quality Control (Qc): 1) The process of monitoring specific project results to determine if they comply with relevant quality standards and identifying ways to eliminate causes of unsatisfactory performance. 2) The organizational unit that is assigned responsibility for quality control.

Quality Planning: Identifying which quality standards are relevant to the project, and determining how to satisfy them.


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R

Remaining Duration (RDU): The time needed to complete an activity.

Request for Proposal (RFP): A type of bid document used to solicit proposals from prospective sears of products or services. In some application areas, it may have a narrower or more specific meaning.

Request for Quotation (RFQ): Generally, this term is equivalent to request for proposal. However, in some application areas, it may have a narrower or more specific meaning.

Reserve: A provision in the project plan to mitigate cost and/or schedule risk. Often used with a modifier (e.g., management reserve, contingency reserve) to provide further detail on what types of risk are meant to be mitigated. The specific meaning of the modified term varies by application area.

Residual Risk: A risk that remains after risk responses have been implemented.

Resource Leveling: Any form of network analysis in which scheduling decisions (start and finish dates) are driven by resource management concerns (e.g., limited resource availability or difficult-to-manage changes in resource levels).

Resource-Limited Schedule: A project schedule whose start and finish dates reflect expected resource availability. The final project schedule should always be resource limited.  

Resource Planning: Determining what resources (people, equipment, materials) are needed in what quantities to perform project activities.

Responsibility Assignment Matrix (RAM): A structure that relates the project organization structure to the work breakdown structure to help ensure that each element of the project's scope of work is assigned to a responsible individual.

Responsibility Chart: See responsibility assignment matrix.

Responsibility Matrix: See responsibility assignment matrix.

Retain age: A portion of a contract payment that is held until contract completion to ensure full performance of the contract terms.

Rework: Action taken to bring a defective or nonconforming item into compliance with requirements or specifications.

Risk: An uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative effect on a project's objectives.

Risk Acceptance: This technique of the risk response planning process indicates that the project team has decided not to change the p- plan to deal with a risk, or is unable to identify any other suitable response strategy.

Risk Avoidance: Risk avoidance is changing the project plan to eliminate the risk or to protect the project objectives from its impact It is a tool of the risk response planning.

Risk Category: A source of potential risk reflecting technical, project management, organizational, or external sources.  

Risk Database: A repository that provides for collection, maintenance, and analysis of data gathered and used in the risk management processes. A lessons-learned program uses a risk database. This is an output of the risk monitoring and control process.

 
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