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A. that B. what C. when D. who

同位语从句 注意一般由 that 引导,先行词经常为, idea, doubt, thought, fact, belief。 (来源:英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

There is no doubt _____ a large number of people have benefited from heart surgery.

A. what B. of C. if D. that

On the other hand concern is also growing about the possibility of a new economic order _______ resource-rich nations of the Third World would combine to set high commodity prices.

A. which B. what C. that D. in that

Such attitudes amount to a belief ____ leisure can and should be put to good use.

A. which B. if C. whether D. that

定语从句 引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词; that, which的区别;介词 which 的用法。

Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space ____   Which matter has fallen and _____ which nothing can escape.

A. towards … towards B. into … from

C. out of … from D. through … through

As 引导的定语从句

Such people ______ you describe are rare nowadays.

A. as B. that C. who D. which

状语从句 引导各种从句的关连词。主要是条件状语从句,让步状语从句,结果状语从句,原因状语从句。

In that 的用法

Robots differ from automatic machines in _____ after completion of one specific task, they can be reprogrammed to do another one.

A. which B. that C. how D. whether

His name will be crossed out from the list _____ he makes the same mistakes again.

A. if B. unless C. because D. though

倒装句 倒装句的几种形式

______ when John came to see him.

A. No sooner had he begun to work.

B. He had scarcely begun to work

C. Hardly had he begun to work.

D. Just as he began to work

强调句 注意强调句的句型。

It was there, the police believe, _______ she was able to activate the recorder she kept in her bag.

A. until B. which C. that D. when

三.词汇学习要注意用法和固定搭配,特别是各类词与介词的搭配。另外,近义词、形近词的区别。动词与不同介词构成的动词短语的区别也是考试的重点。

At the end of 1994 the British Government introduced new measures to help _____ domestic workers from abuse by their employers.

A. protect B. suspect

C. expect  D. inspect

The specific use of leisure ______ from individual to individual.

A. ranges B. distinguishes

C. varies D. covers

______ yourself to the job in hand, and youll soon finish it.

A. Reply B. Imply

C. Apply D. Supply

I cant ______ the meaning of this poem because its too vague.

A. turn out B. put out

C. figure out D. look out

四.本题所用的句子是根据教材中出现的句子编写的。其中 70%句子选自课文、课文注释或课文练习,30选自语法讲解部分的例句或语法练习。所以必须将教材学好学通。

 II.完型填空题(Cloze Test)

一、题解

按考纲规定,完形填空题的考查重点是语法,包括一致关系、动词时态、语态,名词的数,代词,形容词和副词的级,连词,介词等。从最近的几次考试看,完形填空题的语法重点仍在连接各种从句的关联词上,除此之外,也有一部分题是考查介词和代词的。

完形填空的选择项可能是名词、动词、形容词、介词、副词或连词。

二、应试技巧

完形填空是测试考生语篇理解能力和词汇运用能力的一种综合手段。做完形填空题,考生必须具有扎实的语法基础、比较牢固的词汇基础以及良好的语感。

1.做题步骤

1)通览全篇,分文体,定结构,知大意。

做完形填空题,答题的关键在于准确理解短文的大意。要做到这一点,就要分清文章的文体与行文结构.本题的短文多为说明文或议论文,结构较紧凑,往往开门见山地提出主题,然后逐点说明或评议,最后小结。所以做题前应浏览全篇,重点是首段、尾段以及每段的首句、尾句。

2)初选答案,理脉络,顾前后,忌恋战。

在掌握文章大意的基础上,根据上下文所提供的搭配、结构、语义等线索来初选答案。初选时,要着眼空格所在的完整句子,瞻前顾后,重点解决与结构、搭配有关的小题。对于个别词汇的考题,如果一时难以抉择,不要恋战,而是继续往下进行,往往进行到下文,对前边的问题就会有了主意。

3)复读全文,核答案,句通顺,意要畅。

题目做完后,要通读“完形”后的全文,核查自己所选的答案能否使文章连贯,语法正确。如果你发现你所选的某个答案放在句中读起来很别扭,那么你的语感在提醒你对此答案要三思。

2.判断技巧

做完形填空题时,在遵循以上三个步骤的同时,还要注意解题思路或技巧。

1)搭配判断法

根据对以往考试的分析,搭配型题目在完形填空题中占的比例最重。搭配型问题主要测试常见搭配的熟练程度,比如说哪些词要搭配不定式、动名词或某种从句,哪些词必须与某个介词搭配。我们在复习时要特别注意短语动词和介词的固定搭配。

2)结构判断法

结构型问题主要包括句型、句式、连接词的选择等,解题时要运用句法知识,把握关键词,从而做出迅速正确的判断。完型填空题目中有很多是利用语法的正确性与逻辑的排斥性间的矛盾来设计的。因此考生应结合上下文的合理性及意义关系的逻辑性选择最佳答案。完型填空中常考的逻辑关系主要有

A. 转折、让步 这种关系表明后一种观点或事实与前一种观点或事实相比有些出乎意料。常见的表示转折、让步的词或词组有 but, still, yet, however, though, although, no matter, in spite of ,anyway, even if, 等。

 
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